Many factors contribute to involuntary loss of urine control including the following:
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is one of the leading causes of urine leak or urinary incontinence. This is a bacterial infection within the urinary tract including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTI happens when bacteria gets into the urethral opening or sphincter, then goes up into the bladder. This, in turn, causes the bladder to swell and get irritated.
When this happens, patients will feel an urgent or frequent need to urinate, or a burning sensation while urinating. In some cases, there may also be some blood in the urine. And patients suffering from UTI are prone to urine leaks.
Constipation can affect your pelvic floor muscles which support bowel and bladder control. When you are suffering from constipation, your pelvic muscles are weakened which in turn loses the ability to control your bladder and bowel. Thus, resulting in urine leaks and faecal leaks.
When you are experiencing constipation, your bowels become over-full which, in turn, puts pressure on your bladder reducing the amount of urine it can hold. When this happens, you either get a sudden urge to urinate or unavoidable leakage will happen.
Weakened Pelvic Floor
Most women experience weakening of pelvic structures during pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, or hysterectomy. The pelvic floor muscles give you the capacity to regulate and manage the discharge of urine, faeces and flatus. It also has the ability to delay the emptying of the bladder or bowel until it is convenient to do so.
When the pelvic floor is weakened, it loses control over the bladder and bowel. Thus, resulting in unwarranted urine and faecal leakages respectively.
This happens when there is a blockade along your urinary tract that obstructs the normal flow of urine. Having a tumour anywhere within the urinary tract is considered an obstruction that can lead to overflow incontinence. Urinary stones are also deemed obstructions that can result in urine leaks.
Neurologic urinary incontinence is caused by the interference in the nerve signals involved in bladder control. These neurological disorders include Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, spinal injury, brain tumour, stroke, and heavy metal poisoning.
When neurotransmitters to the bladder are interrupted, it may cause adverse effects to the urinary system, Thus, leading to uncontrollable, unavoidable and unwarranted urine leaks.